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History of Bicycling in Marrakesh

Its historical presence in the red city makes it a
symbol characterizing the city

1. History of biking in Marrakesh (beginning, highlights, challenges, trends, and lessons…).

a. Cycling started in Morocco in the turn of the 20th century during the French occupation. Cycling clubs mushroomed in the country and had hundreds of members and competitions. Marrakesh became an important cycling hub for its flat surface and central location to various important cities and ports such as Safi, Mazagan (Essouira), Mogador (Agadir), and Casablanca 

b. Bicycling became a popular mode of transportation with women and men alike. It offers an easy access to the city’s medieval narrow streets of the Old Medina as well as the rest of the city. 

 

Sustainable Mobility CONCEPT IN MARRAKECH

Quality transportation systems are therefore critical
elements to the functioning of sustainable cities

Urban transportation contributes the highest carbon emissions of all industries. According to Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GMBH, transport alone is the primary source of CO2 and other GHGs, contributing up to 40 percent of the cities total emissions.  

Quality transportation systems are therefore critical elements to the functioning of sustainable cities. Urban centers around the world have been increasing their share of high capacity transits such as metro lines, streetcars, and bus rapid transits, as well as non-motorized alternatives including bicycle infrastructure. These systems at best are implemented to eliminate pollution and congestion, and save money while promoting a better quality of life. 

Marrakesh has a great potential to address its transportation systems, especially bicycling policy and infrastructure. Particularly since the Kingdom plans to invest about $670 million 

by 2017 to help transform the City’s densely and uncontrolled urban development patterns.  Over density, congestion and gridlock due to a lack of prioritization of transportation routes and signals as well as a lack of reliable and efficient transportation infrastructure cost the City economical, social, and environmental opportunities. 

Opportunely, Mawarid has recently partnered with Bike City, an international planning and consulting agency serving small and large municipalities, to suggest practical solutions to create safe and beautiful streets in Marrakesh that accommodate cyclists, pedestrians, and vehicular activities. 

Recent studies indicate that 21% of total trips in Marrakesh are generated by bicycle. However, there are insignificant numbers of bicycle lanes to accommodate current demand for bicycle travel and bicyclists necessitate adequate infrastructure for adequate daily mobility. 

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